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Information for the participants of the proceedings

What civil cases are tried by the Court of Appeal of Lithuania?


The petitions for appeal as well as separate complaints regarding the decisions or judgements reached by regional courts of Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Siauliai and Panevezys that have not come into force yet are tried by the Court of Appeal of Lithuania (Parts 1 and 3 of Article 301 of the Code of Civil Procedure).


What are the differences between the petition for appeal and the separate complaint?


The petitions for appeal can be submitted in reference with the decisions reached by regional courts when the case is settled in principle, while the separate complaints can be submitted in reference with the interim decisions which are specified in the Code of Civil Procedure (for instance, in reference with the decision when the application due to the renewal of procedural deadline is to be rejected (Part 6 of Article 78 of the Code of Civil Procedure), in reference with the decision when the issue due to litigation costs is to be settled (Article 100 of the Code of Civil Procedure), or in reference with the decisions which prevent further proceedings).


Who can appeal against the decisions reached by regional courts in the civil cases?


The petition for appeal (separate complaint) can be submitted only by the participants of the case (Articles 305 and 338 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The participants of the case are considered to be the following ones (Part 2 of Article 37 of the Code of Civil Procedure):


• parties (plaintiff and defendant);

• third parties;

• persons who have submitted the petition for appeal or the application in compliance with the order provided in Article 49 of the Code of Civil Procedure (public prosecutor, state and municipality institutions, other persons having submitted the petition for appeal or the application for the public interest to be defended);

• declarants or interested persons listed in the cases mentioned in Article 442 of the Code of Civil Procedure;

• creditors and debtors listed in Article 431 of the Code of Civil Procedure;

• representatives of all the above mentioned persons.


Can all the decisions reached by regional courts be appealed to the Court of Appeal of Lithuania?


All the decisions made by the court of first instance (regional) due to the essence of the dispute can be appealed. Judgements by default cannot be appealed if the petition for appeal is submitted by the person who the decision was carried on (Article 303 of the Code of Civil Procedure). Separate complaints may be lodged regarding the decisions made by the court of first instance (regional) separately from the court decision itself (Part 1 of Article 334 of the Code of Civil Procedure) in such ways:


• cases provided in the Code of Civil Procedure;

• decisions which prevent further proceedings.


What are the terms and the order of the petition for appeal (separate complaint) to be lodged?


The petition for appeal (separate complaint) is to be lodged through the court which decision (judgement) is on appeal (Articles 310 and 335 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The petition for appeal regarding the decision made by the regional court can be submitted within 30 days since the day the decision is reached by the court of first instance (Part 1 of Article 307 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The separate complaint regarding the decision made by the regional court can be submitted (Article 335 of the Code of Civil Procedure):


• within 7 days since the day the decision is reached by the court of first instance if the decision has been reached in a verbal order;

• within 7 days since the day the certified copy of the decision is served if the decision has been reached by the court of first instance in a written order.


What are the consequences of missing the deadline related to lodging the petition for appeal (separate complaint)?


If the petition for appeal (separate complaint) is lodged while missing the deadline related to procedural terms (Part 1 of Article 307 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 335 of the Code of Civil Procedure), and the above mentioned deadline is not renewed, the court of first instance reaches a motivated decision so as not to accept the petition for appeal and returns it to the person who has lodged the petition for appeal (Item 1 of Part 2 of Article 315 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Part 3 of Article 315 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 338 of the Code of Civil Procedure). If the deadline has been missed owing to important reasons and no more than 3 months passed since the day the decision was reached by the court, according to the appellant’s request the court can renew the missed deadline (Part 2-3 of Article 307 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 338 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 78 of the Code of Civil Procedure). If the decision (regarding the appellant’s request for the court to renew the deadline) is rejected, it can be appealed by the separate complaint (Part 6 of Article 78 of the Code of Civil Procedure).


Can the person who lodges the petition for appeal (separate complaint) change (update) or just refuse it?


When the term related to lodging the petition for appeal (separate complaint) expires, it is forbidden to change (update) the petition for appeal (separate complaint) (Articles 323 and 338 of the Code of Civil Procedure). Having lodged the petition for appeal (separate complaint), the person avails himself of a right to refuse it by the beginning of the trial of the case in essence, and if the petition for appeal is tried in a verbal order – by the time the final speech is delivered in the hearing. The court cannot agree with the refusal of the petition for appeal (separate complaint) if the refusal contradicts the imperative provisions of the laws or the public interest. If the court accepts the refusal of the petition for appeal (separate complaint), the proceedings are terminated. In such a case the person cannot submit the petition for appeal (separate complaint) once again. If the refusal of the petition for appeal (separate complaint) is lodged till the moment the case is transmitted to the appellate court, the issues related to the acceptance of the refusal as well as the dismissal of the appeal proceedings are settled by the court of first instance (Part 4 of Article 308 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 338 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The Code of Civil Procedure provides for the right so that the participants of the case could join the petition for appeal through the period of time that is defined for the responses to the petition for appeal to be announced while submitting a written application through the court of first instance. The person joining the petition for appeal cannot declare requests or indicate the grounds for the annulment and amendment of the decision which is on appeal (Article 309 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 338 of the Code of Civil Procedure).


What requirements does the petition for appeal (separate complaint) have to meet in the civil case?


The petition for appeal (separate complaint) as well as other procedural documents presented to the court have to deal with:

• name of the court which is presented with the petition for appeal (separate complaint);

• date when the petition for appeal (separate complaint) was written;

• procedural positions, names, surnames, identification numbers (if they are known), residence, other addresses (known to the declarant) in reference with serving the procedural documents of the participants of the case, and in such a case when the participant of the case is considered to be a legal entity – its full name, habitat, other addresses (known to the declarant) in reference with serving the procedural documents to the participants of the case, codes, account numbers (if they are known), details of credit institutions (if they are known);

• way of serving the procedural documents on the participant of the case, the postal address in case it does not coincide with the address of residence or habitat. If the petition for appeal (separate complaint) is lodged by the representative, the data about the representative are to be specified in the petition for appeal (separate complaint), and the document defining the representative’s rights and duties is to be attached if such a document does not exist in the case or its term has expired. The petition for appeal (separate complaint) can be signed by the representative while indicating the reason due to the fact that the person submitting the petition for appeal (separate complaint) could not sign the document himself.

Except for the above mentioned requirements for the form and content related to procedural documents, the petition for appeal (separate complaint) has to deal with:

• decision (judgement) on appeal as well as the court of first instance that has reached such a decision (judgement);

• particular part of the decision which is on appeal – when not the whole decision is on appeal;

• sum which is disputable – when the dispute is related to pecuniary damage;

• circumstances of the case confirming illegality and invalidity of the decision (judgement) or its particular part, the circumstances that are grounded on particular evidences and legal arguments (the ground of the petition for appeal), necessity of adducing new evidences (Article 314 of the Code of Civil Procedure) – when it is requested for the new evidences to be attached;

• request submitted by the appellant (matter of the petition for appeal (separate complaint));

• request submitted by the appellant if he wants the petition for appeal (separate complaint) to be tried in a verbal order;

• annexes attached to the petition for appeal (separate complaint) as well as a particular number of the copies of all the annexes (this depends on the number of the parties and third persons involved in the case), except for the cases when the petition for appeal (separate complaint) as well as its annexes are submitted by electronic means of communication (Article 311 of the Code of Civil Procedure);

• signature of the person submitting the petition for appeal (separate complaint);

• data related to the stamp tax which has been paid (either data related to the appellant’s dismissal from the payment of the stamp tax or the payment of the stamp tax has been postponed) (Part 3 of Article 306 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 338 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The stamp tax related to the petition for appeal is the same as the moment the civil claim was lodged. In the disputes related to pecuniary damage the stamp tax depends on the disputable sum (Part 4 of Article 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The stamp tax comprising one hundred litas is related to separate complaints due to the application of interim measures. The stamp tax is not paid for the rest of the separate complaints (Part 2 of Article 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The arguments of the petition for appeal are to be given succinctly and have to correspond to the subject and matter of the petition for appeal. The petition for appeal cannot be grounded on the circumstances which have not been provided in the court of first instance (Part 2 of Article 306 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The petition for appeal cannot deal with the requests that have not been provided in the court of first instance. New requests are not considered to be the ones that are inextricably linked to the civil claim itself (for example, to adjudge default money, interest, etc). While submitting the petition for appeal regarding these requests, the stamp tax which is paid is exactly the same to the one paid in the court of first instance (Article 312 of the Code of Civil Procedure).


How is the civil case tried in the Court of Appeal of Lithuania?


The issue related to the acceptance of the petitions for appeal (separate complaints) as well as the responses is always settled by the court of first instance (Articles 315 - 318 of the Code of Civil Procedure). Having accepted the petitions for appeal (separate complaints) as well as the responses, or if the deadline of submitting the documents is not met, the case is transferred to the appellate court where a chamber of judges is organized (or a single judge is appointed for the case to be tried), the date of the trial is set and then the participants of the case are notified.


The cases on appeal are tried by a single judge, a chamber comprising three judges, or a chamber comprising three judges from the division of civil cases as well as the division of criminal cases (Part 3 of Article 62 of the Code of Civil Procedure). When the disputable sum is not higher than five thousand litas, the case on appeal is tried by a single judge. However, taking the complexity of the case into consideration, the chairman of the Court of Appeal of Lithuania or the chairman of the division of civil cases of the Court of Appeal of Lithuania avail themselves of a right to appoint the chamber comprising three judges for the case to be tried. A single judge trying the case avails himself of a right to transfer the case to be tried by the camber comprising three judges. In other cases the civil case on appeal is tried by the camber comprising three judges. According to the suggestion of the court that is trying the case, the chairman of the appellate court can appoint a chamber comprising three judges from the division of civil cases as well as the division of criminal cases for the case to be tried. The chambers are appointed and the cases are tried in compliance with the rules and orders provided in the above mentioned Code. The laws also provide for particular cases where some procedural actions can be performed by a single judge (Article 304 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The appellate proceedings are handled in the written order, i.e., the participants of the case are not invited to take part in. If the case is tried in a written order, the participants are served with the notice of trial in compliance with Part 3 of Article 133 of the Code of Civil Procedure (on the special website) (Part 3 of Article 319 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 321 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The petition for appeal is tried in a verbal order if the court trying the case recognizes this action as a necessary one. The participants of the case can present a motivated claim regarding a verbal order to the court, however, such an application is not obligatory to the court (Article 322 of the Code of Civil Procedure). If the case is tried in a verbal order, the participants are served with the notice of trial. The participants of the case are invited to take part in, but if they do not arrive at the trial, the court still has a right to try a case (Part 3 of Article 319 of the Code of Civil Procedure). In the appellate court the cases are tried in public, except for the cases provided in Article 9 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The appellate court cannot reach a less favourable decision regarding the appellant than the decision (judgement) which is on appeal if the decision (judgement) is appealed only by a single party of the case. A less favourable decision is not considered to be the annulment of the decision, transference of the case to the court of first instance to review the case, and when the decision exceeds the limits provided in the petition for appeal, when this is required by the public interest so that the human rights or legal interests of the society or state could not be infringed (Article 313 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Part 2 of Article 320 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The appellate court refuses to attach new evidences to the case which could have been adduced in the court of first instance, except for the cases when the court of first instance refused to attach them or the necessity in reference with adducing new evidences occurred later (Article 314 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The appellate court tries the case while not exceeding the limits provided in the petition for appeal, when this is required by the public interest so that the human rights or legal interests of the society or state could not be infringed. If there is an intention to exceed the limits provided in the petition for appeal, the court notifies the participants of the case. The appellate court ex officio verifies whether there are no grounds for invalidity of the decision provided in Article 329 of the Code of Civil Procedure (Part 2 of Article 320 of the Code of Civil Procedure).


What decisions does the Court of Appeal of Lithuania make having tried the civil case?


Having tried the civil case, the Court of Appeal of Lithuania can make the following decisions (Part 1 of Article 326 of the Code of Civil Procedure):

• to uphold the decision reached by the court of first instance;

• to reverse the decision reached by the court of first instance (the whole or a part of the decision) and to make a new decision;

• to change the decision reached by the court of first instance;

• to reverse the decision reached by the court of first instance (the whole or a part of the decision) and to transfer the case to the court of first instance so that it could be reviewed;

• to reverse the decision reached by the court of first instance (the whole or a part of the decision) and dismiss the case while leaving the application untried if there are circumstances provided in Articles 293 and 296 of the Code of Civil Procedure established, except for the cases listed in Items 7, 8 and 11 of Part 1 of Article 296 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

Having examined the separate complaint, the Court of Appeal of Lithuania can make the following decisions (Article 337 of the Code of Civil Procedure):

• to uphold the decision reached by the court of first instance;

• to reverse the decision reached by the court of first instance and settle the issue in principle;

• to reverse the decision reached by the court of first instance and transfer the case to the court of first instance so that it could be reviewed;

• to change the decision reached by the court of first instance.

While examining the separate complaint due to the obstacles provided in the laws that occurred while initiating the civil case, the appellate court reverses the decision reached by the court of first instance and transfers the case to the court of first instance in order the issue related to the validity of the proceedings could be settled.


What applications for the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgements and arbitration awards are processed in the Court of Appeal of the Republic of Lithuania?


The Court of Appeal of Lithuania as a court of first instance processes applications for the recognition and (or) enforcement of foreign judgements and arbitration awards in the civil cases in the Republic of Lithuania as well as applications related to refusals to recognize foreign judgements and arbitration awards.


The peace treaties confirmed by foreign courts in the civil cases and the decisions made by foreign courts in the civil cases due to the application of temporary protective measures are accepted in the same way.


The provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania (hereinafter referred to as the Code of Civil Procedure) due to the recognition of foreign judgements mutatis mutandis are to be applied by institutions of other foreign countries which avail themselves of a right to settle issues related to the recognition of judgements that come within the competence of the court of the Republic of Lithuania.


Who can submit the application for the recognition and (or) enforcement of the foreign judgement and arbitration award in the Republic of Lithuania?


The application for the recognition and (or) enforcement of the foreign judgement and arbitration award in the Republic of Lithuania as well as the application related to refusals to recognize foreign judgements and arbitration awards can be submitted by a person interested in the recognition and (or) enforcement of the foreign judgement and arbitration award (Part 1 of Article 811 of the Code of Civil Procedure).


Which foreign judgements don’t require to be recognized in the Republic of Lithuania (they are recognized automatically, without appealing to the Court of Appeal of Lithuania)?


Foreign effective judgements concerning property related arguments between non-citizens of the Republic of Lithuania do not require to be recognized, except the cases when this judgement is the basis of the registration of marriage or any other civil act, as well as the basis of the registration of other rights in the public register (Part 2 of Article 809 of the Code of Civil Procedure).


Foreign effective judgements concerning the dissolution of marriage, separation or recognition of void marriage according to which the records of civil acts of the Republic of Lithuania are amended and renewed do not require to be recognized while applying special procedures. Having found out information about the amendment and renewal of the records of civil acts of the Republic of Lithuania, within a period of one year the interested parties can apply to the Court of Appeal of Lithuania (pursuant to Articles 810, 811 and 812 of the Code of Civil Procedure) while requesting to make the record void (Part 3 of Article 809 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The record of marriages which were dissolved in foreign countries is kept according to the chapter X of civil registry rules of the Republic of Lithuania:


“Chapter X of civil registry rules of the Republic of Lithuania:

87. If the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania dissolved their marriage after 11 March 1990 in a foreign country, they have to include the dissolution of their marriage in the record of the civil registry office regarding their place of residence. If the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania do not have residence in the Republic of Lithuania, the dissolution of their marriage is to be included in the record of the civil registry office regarding their last place of residence in the Republic of Lithuania or the record of Vilnius Civil Registry Office.

88. While including the dissolution of marriage announced in a foreign country in the record, a foreign effective judgement regarding the dissolution of marriage or a divorce certificate are to be submitted.

89. The dissolutions of marriage announced in a foreign country are included in the record of the civil registry office while registering the dissolution of marriage as well as issuing a divorce certificate. If one of the spouses who dissolved the marriage in a foreign country is dead, the dissolution of marriage is included in the record of the civil registry office while registering the restored record of the dissolution of marriage as well as issuing a divorce certificate.

90. While including the citizen‘s of the Republic of Lithuania dissolution of marriage announced in a foreign country in the record, the date of issue is considered to be the one given in a divorce certificate issued by the insitution of a foreign country“.


The effective judgement due to opening insolvency proceedings is to be recognized by any court of the Member State of the European Union (except for the Kingdom of Denmark), which lies within the jurisdiction of that Member State. Further formal procedures are not necessary for the judgement due to opening insolvency proceedings to be recognized (Articles 16, 25 of the Council Regulation (EC) No. 1346/2000 of 29 May 2000 on insolvency proceedings).


There are judgements of welfare or justice institutions of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic of Ukraine, the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Republic of Moldova and the Federation of Russia recognized without taking any special legal proceedings and by their nature not demanding the realization in civil and domestic proceedings in the Republic of Lithuania (Part 2 of Article 51 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Armenia in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings; Part 2 of Article 49 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Azerbaijan in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings; Part 2 of Article 49 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Kazakhstan in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings; Part 2 of Article 42 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Ukraine in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings; Part 2 of Article 51 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Uzbekistan in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings; Part 2 of Article 49 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Moldova in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings; Part 2 of Article 50 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Federation of Russia in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings).


There are effective judgements of justice institutions of the Republic of Belarus recognized without taking any special legal proceedings and by their nature not demanding the realization in the Republic of Lithuania if 1) the courts of the Republic of Lithuania did not award the effective judgement in this case earlier, and 2) the case lies outside the exceptional competence of the courts of the Republic of Lithuania as per treaty of legal assistance between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Belarus, with the exception of unforeseen cases the laws of the Republic of Lithuania are applied. Analogous provisions are applied for the judgements of welfare, the dissolution of marriage awarded by the competent institutions of the Republic of Belarus (Article 53 of the treaty of legal assistance and legal relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Belarus in civil, domestic and criminal proceedings).


How to apply for the recognition and (or) enforcement (refusal to recognize) of foreign judgements or arbitration awards in the Republic of Lithuania?


While applying for the recognition and (or) enforcement (refusal to recognize) of a foreign judgement or arbitration award in the Republic of Lithuania you have to submit an application to the Court of Appeal of Lithuania in order that the particular foreign judgement or arbitration award could be recognized and (or) enforced in the Republic of Lithuania.

The party applying for the recognition and (or) enforcement (refusal to recognize) of the foreign judgement or arbitration award in the civil case in the Republic of Lithuania shall, at the time of the application, supply (Articles 111-114, 805, and 811 of the Code of Civil Procedure):


1) the name of the court – the Court of Appeal of Lithuania – which is produced with the procedural document;

2) the procedural position, name, surname, identification card, actual residence of the interested persons, and when they are legal persons the party shall supply their name, official residence, code, the number of the settlement account and other references of the credit agency;

3) if the party wishes the procedural documents to be served via telecommunications terminal equipment, you have to supply the address of such a telecommunications terminal equipment;

4) the type of the procedural document – the application for the recognition and (or) enforcement of the foreign judgement in the Republic of Lithuania;

5) the circumstances confirming the procedural document and the evidences supporting these circumstances;

6) appendixes attached to the application;

7) the signature of the person serving the procedural document and the date when the document was signed.


If the declarant does not live in the Republic of Lithuania and he did not authorize any representative residing in the Republic of Lithuania to be served with the procedural documents, the party also has to supply the address in the Republic of Lithuania where the declarant could be served with the procedural documents in the application for the recognition and (or) enforcement of the foreign judgement or arbitration award (Article 805 of the Code of Civil Procedure). If the declarant did not authorize any representative residing in the Republic of Lithuania to be served with the procedural documents, instead of the declarant’s address in the Republic of Lithuania, an email address, a fax number, a telephone number or an address of other kinds of telecommunications that could help while serving the procedural documents shall be provided (Part 1 of Article 812 of the Code of Civil Procedure that will come into force on 1 January 2013).


If the application to the court is submitted by the representative, such data as the representative’s name, surname, identification card, actual residence are to be given in the application too. The document evidencing the representative’s rights and duties is also to be attached.


It is noted that in the court of the Republic of Lithuania natural persons can be represented by (Part 1 of Article 56 of the Code of Civil Procedure):


1) attorneys;

2) attorney assistants having the power of attorney to represent somebody in a particular case;

3) one of the associates upon the authorization of other associate;

4) persons having the degree in law if they represent their relatives or spouses (common-law wives and husbands);

5) trade unions if they represent their members in the labour cases. The case in the court is then conducted by the sole governing body of the trade union, members or representatives of the governing bodies according to the order authorized by laws or incorporation documents – employees with a university degree in law, and (or) attorneys (attorney assistants);

6) associations or other public legal persons that represent participants of associations or another public legal entity (their incorporation documents deal with the objectives related to the protection of a particular group of people or the representation in the court) in compliance with the objectives laid down in incorporation documents signed by the above mentioned legal entities. The case in the court is then conducted by the sole governing body of the legal entity, members or representatives of the governing bodies according to the order authorized by laws or incorporation documents – employees with a university degree in law, and (or) attorneys (attorney assistants);

7) bailiffs’ assistants who have a university degree in law and the authority to represent the bailiff in the cases related to the functions fulfilled by the bailiff. The case in the court is then conducted by the sole governing body of the legal entity, members or representatives of the other bodies according to the order authorized by laws or incorporation documents. In these cases the civil case is conducted by the legal entity (Article 55 of the Code of Civil Procedure). Except the persons specified in Items 1, 2 and 3 of Part 1 of Article 56 of the Code of Civil Procedure, in the court the legal entities can as well be represented by their employees and civil servants with a university degree in law.


There are some documents to be attached to the application for the recognition and (or) enforcement (refusal to recognize) of the foreign judgement or arbitration award in the Republic of Lithuania:


1) the application for the recognition of the foreign judgement or arbitration award and the certified translation of the judgement into the Lithuanian language;

2) the official confirmation that the judgement is effective and its certified translation into the Lithuanian language (arbitration awards do not have to comply with this condition);

3) evidence that the party absent from the proceedings was duly notified about the time and venue of the hearing of the civil case and its certified translation into the Lithuanian language;

4) with respect to the recognition of the arbitration award – an authentic arbitration agreement or clause or its duly certified copy;

5) a particular number (this depends on the number of the interested parties, except the declarant) of the copies of the request and its appended documents;

6) the application and other appended documents translated into the English language or any other one if the interested persons do not know the Lithuanian language.


The judgements reached by foreign courts as well as other official documents issued by foreign institutions must be authenticated by the consular legalization stamps, except for the cases when a judgement taken by a foreign country (which is the participant of the Hague Convention (1961) while abolishing the requirements for legalization for foreign public documents) is asked to be recognized (Article 807 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Article 3 of the Hague Convention (1961) on Abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents). Foreign judgements and other foreign public documents must be legalized by a consular officer or APOSTILLE. Special certificates evidencing the authenticity of the judgement, its effectiveness, issued by the courts which delivered the judgements are pointed out in the regulations of the European Union. If the interested persons residing in a foreign country (where the tax for service of procedural documents produced by the courts of the Republic of Lithuania is fixed according to its domestic laws and international agreements, e.g., in the USA, Canada, etc) apply for the recognition of the foreign judgement or arbitration award, they have to pay in a deposit into the account of the Court of Appeal of Lithuania No. LT62 7044 0600 0028 6878, AB SEB Vilniaus bankas, bank code 70440, SWIFT code BIC CBVI LT 2X (the official currency of Lithuania – litas, dollars or euros can be remitted) in order to defray the costs for the service of procedural documents produced by the Court of Appeal of Lithuania to the interested persons mentioned above. The sum of the deposit depends on the tariffs fixed by the foreign country and commission charged by the bank for the international money order. If the declarant wants to serve the procedural documents produced by the Court of Appeal of Lithuania to the interested persons personally (Part 2 of Article 117 of the Code of Civil Procedure), he/she has to submit a certain request to the Court of Appeal of Lithuania. While applying for the recognition and (or) enforcement of foreign judgements and arbitration awards in the Republic of Lithuania (there are bilateral agreements on legal assistance in the civil and domestic cases signed between the foreign countries and the Republic of Lithuania), the requirements established in these bilateral agreements, which can differ from the ones given above, are to be satisfied. In the agreements you can find the abolition of the foreign public documents legalized by a consular officer, the possibility of producing documents written up not in the Lithuanian language, etc. 


Information updated by: Kristina Petrošienė
Updated on: 2012-03-01 15:55

Dear visitors,

You are welcome to the website of the Court of Appeal of Lithuania.

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